What is Glaucoma?

We explain what glaucoma is, how it is detected, and how it is treated.

Did you know that glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness? What’s even more interesting is that glaucoma, when properly supervised by your doctor, can be managed.

It’s up to you to protect your eyes from glaucoma. Often there are no symptoms, so regular eye exams are critical.

What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a general term used to describe damage to the optic nerve caused by eye pressure. If glaucoma is not treated, pressure to the eye increases, causing loss of peripheral (side) vision.

High eye pressure occurs when drainage channels in the eye become clogged causing the pressure in the eye to increase. Most often in its early stages, glaucoma shows no symptoms. In fact, up to 40% of your optic nerve can be damaged before you notice any vision loss.

How Is Glaucoma Detected?
Regular and complete eye examinations are the best way to detect glaucoma. The tests are simple and painless. Our doctors will use these tests to diagnose glaucoma and determine the best treatment for the disease. Additional testing may include scanning laser polarimetry and automated threshold visual field testing to analyze optic nerve structure and function.